Copyright is the exclusive right of a creator of an artistic or literary work to prevent or authorize the reproduction, modification/adaptation, first public distribution, rental, public display, public performance and communication to the public of his work. Ordinarily, the authorization is given through the issuance of a license wherein the copyright owner may require the payment of license fees or royalties for the use of the work.
Types of Rights:
1. Reproduction Right - the right to allow or prevent the copying or recording of the work; in the music industry, reproduction right is classified as follows:
a. Print Reproduction Rights – the right to reproduce a musical work in printed formatb. Mechanical Rights – the right to make an audio recording of a musical work in phonogram (e.g., tape, compact disc or DVD) or digital formatc. Synchronization Rights – to right to record a musical work in timed-relation or synchronization with visual images (e.g., recording music as part of a movie, TV show or commercial) in phonogram (e.g., tape, compact disc or DVD) or digital format
2. Modification/Adaptation Right - to right to allow or prevent the translation, adaptation, abridgement, new arrangement and any another modification of the work
3. First Public Distribution Right - the right to allow or prevent the first public distribution of the work
4. Rental Right - the right to allow or prevent the commercial rental of the work
5. Public Display Right- the right to allow or prevent the public display of the work
6. Public Performance Right - the right to allow or prevent the playing, performance, transmission and broadcast of the work to the public
7. Communication to the Public Right – the right to allow or prevent the making available of the work to the public such that the public may access them from a place and at the time chosen by them
Copyright societies have been established in different countries to effectively and efficiently manage and enforce the rights of copyright owners. Without copyrights societies, it would be very difficult and expensive for copyright owners to enforce their rights on their own not only in their country but in other countries as well.
For instance, a music creator authorizing the public performance of his works would have to locate, monitor and license every public performance of his work worldwide. Music users on the other hand, would have to deal with several copyright owners in different locations if there were no collective bodies licensing local and foreign works.
Know more about FILSCAP Standard Rate, just click the link below for details.
What is public performance license?
Any person or corporation causing or authorizing a public performance in the Philippines of any copyrighted music belonging to FILSCAP’s
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